[Guidance] According to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the National Standardization Management Committee recently issued the Guidelines for the Construction of Intelligent Family Integrated Standardization System, aiming to play the leading and normative role of standards in promoting the development of smart family industry and the application of service modes, and to promote the transformation and upgrading of related industries.
The construction guide points out that by 2020, we will initially establish a standard system that meets the needs of the development of China’s smart family industry, forming a sound basic standard, basic coverage of major products and service standards, continuous upgrading of standard technology, expanding the scope of application of standards, and keeping pace with the advanced international standards. Good situation. Several key standards have been popularized and applied in Smart Family industrial agglomeration areas, and good application demonstration results have been achieved, forming a batch of replicable and popularizable experiences.
The construction guideline points out that the typical application of smart home service mainly includes eight aspects: health management, home care, information service, interactive education, smart home, energy management, community service and family security. The typical ecological system of Smart Family summarizes the common attributes in product, technology and service, and forms four standard system frameworks: basic standard, terminal standard, service standard and safety standard.
The following are the contents of the Guide:
Guidelines for the Construction of Intelligent Family Integrated Standardization System
I. Overall requirements
(1) Guiding Ideas
Implement the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, open and sharing, and strengthen the top-level design of smart family industry development. Focusing on the ecological system of smart family industry, we should build a comprehensive standardization system of smart family industry in China. In accordance with the comprehensive standardization system, we should speed up the development of key and basic standards, give full play to the guiding, normative and leading role of standards in the development of smart family industry, promote the transformation and upgrading of related industries from simple product manufacturing to “product + service” mode, and promote the growth of information consumption and structural reform of supply side.
(2) Basic Principles
Overall planning and coordinated development. We will strengthen top-level design of standardization for smart families and promote all parties in the industrial chain, such as research institutions, standardization organizations, industry organizations and enterprises, to participate in the construction of a comprehensive standardization system for smart families. Strengthen the linkages with related industries and existing standard systems to solve the problems of duplication of models, single functions and difficult interconnection between systems in the development of smart family industries.
Service traction, urgent first. Give full play to the role of service in promoting the development of smart families, formulate a typical service reference model, improve the operation mode of smart family services, and promote the market-oriented operation of typical smart family services. According to the requirement of “mature one, formulate one, implement one”, we should speed up the formulation of basic and key standards to meet the needs of industrial development in a timely manner.
Open and integrated, safe and orderly. Intelligent family enterprises are encouraged to carry out international exchanges and cooperation and promote the establishment of an open and integrated ecosystem. Emphasis is laid on the research and formulation of relevant standards in smart home network security, service security, terminal security and so on. We will further improve the security application environment, enhance the security capability of smart families, and promote the safe and orderly development of smart family industries.
(3) Construction objectives
By 2020, we will initially establish a standard system that meets the needs of the development of smart family industry in China, and form a good situation in which the basic standards are relatively perfect, the main products and service standards are basically covered, the standard technology level is continuously improved, and the application scope of standards is constantly expanded, and the standards keep pace with the advanced international standards. Several key standards have been popularized and applied in Smart Family industrial agglomeration areas, and good application demonstration results have been achieved, forming a batch of replicable and popularizable experiences.
II. Intelligent Family Industry and Typical Applications
(1) Concept of Intelligent Family
Intelligent family is a comprehensive service platform for intelligent family based on the new generation of information technology. It is an organic integration of home intelligent equipment, Internet of Things, high-speed information network and application services.
From a technical point of view, smart home is based on the Internet of Things and broadband network, relying on the new generation of information technology, such as mobile Internet and cloud computing, to achieve intelligent service delivery and two-way intelligent interaction between people and family facilities. Intelligent family can be regarded as the application of information technology in family environment.
From the product point of view, the smart family is marked by diversification of product form, intellectualization of operation and interconnection. The product spans many application fields and is the most direct carrier of information consumption. According to product level, it covers basic software and hardware products, networking equipment, intelligent terminals, intelligent household appliances, smart home, integrated platform and system, and software products as man-machine interface of various application services.
From the service point of view, smart families provide all kinds of family-oriented comprehensive application services such as cultural entertainment, life consumption and community public welfare through information interconnection and intelligent control within the family, family and community, family and society, so as to realize a comfortable, safe and convenient family life style.
(2) Current Situation of Intelligent Family Industry in China
In recent years, China’s smart family industry continues to develop rapidly, and the effect of industrial agglomeration has initially appeared. Nine demonstration industrial bases of digital family application have been established, including Guangdong base, Zhejiang base, Hubei base, Sichuan base, Fuzhou base, Xiamen base, Jinan base, Qingdao base and Dalian base. The whole industry chain system covering network operation, intelligent terminal, digital home electronic products manufacturing and digital home application services has basically formed, and remarkable progress has been made in the research and development and application of related technologies and products.
With the continuous development and improvement of China’s network infrastructure, the emergence of intelligent terminals and the acceleration of popularization of application services, China’s smart home industry has a broad space for development.
(3) Intelligent Family Ecosystem Architecture
Intelligent household applications and services continue to stimulate new consumer demand, thereby promoting technological innovation, driving the overall development of the industry and transformation and upgrading. The application of advanced technology and the research and development of innovative products provide a better basis for the further promotion and expansion of smart home applications and services, thus forming a virtuous circle of mutual promotion and coordinated development of technology and industry.
On the basis of traditional software and hardware, the intelligent family ecosystem integrates key technologies and application services. With cloud platform as service carrier, it expands applications of digital audio-visual entertainment, multimedia interaction, security and remote control, smart home and energy saving, community service and so on. The typical ecosystem of smart families is shown in Figure 1.
(4) Typical applications
The typical applications of smart home service include health management, home care, information service, interactive education, smart home, energy management, community service and family security.
1. Health management
Health management refers to the technology of Internet of Things, Mobile Internet and Cloud Computing. Based on health management information system, health management wearable devices and other multi-level perception intelligent terminals are used as data acquisition sources, and intelligent display terminals are used as aggregation terminals of personal health information and other contents. To provide health management information service for consumers with health service organizations. Through the health management service platform, it monitors and predicts the safety of air, water and food, and provides information services such as sports and fitness, food nutrition and network booking registration.
2. Home-based Old-age Care
Home-based pension refers to a new pension model with the full use of the Internet, Internet of Things, cloud computing and big data analysis, with family as the core, community as the support and professional services as the support, so as to provide the elderly living at home with a society with the main content of solving daily life difficulties and health problems. Services. It mainly includes emergency service, one-button door-to-door service, tele-health consultation, health monitoring, real-time health reminder and elderly location monitoring.
3. Information Service
Information service is one of the most widely used applications in smart families. It mainly refers to users watching various audio and video programs, obtaining the latest information, online games, social networking and online shopping through smart phones, smart TV, virtual reality, augmented reality and wearable devices. Activities such as physical and indoor positioning.
4. Interactive Education
Interactive education is an intelligent education management platform based on cloud resources and supported by network. Through the network and intelligent electronic equipment for teaching, learning and management. It mainly includes remote video teaching, online classroom discussion, personalized teaching goal setting, education resources sharing, education resources integration and emergency guidance.
5. Smart Home
Intelligent home is the use of computer, communication and network, automatic control technology, through an effective transmission network, the multiple information services and management, residential intelligent system integration, building an efficient residential facilities and household daily affairs management system, providing a convenient, safe and comfortable home environment.
6. Energy management
Energy management refers to the planning, control and monitoring of water, electricity, gas and new energy consumption. By means of household energy monitoring, energy statistics, energy consumption analysis, key energy consumption equipment and energy metering equipment management, consumers can grasp the proportion and development trend of energy consumption, and carry out intelligent energy management for related equipment, so as to achieve the purpose of household energy saving and promote the reduction of the overall energy consumption of society.
7. Community services
Community services mainly provide public services for community members, as well as other convenient services such as material, cultural and life services, to help families maintain smooth information exchange with the outside world and optimize people’s way of life. It mainly includes smart family property infrastructure, related service requirements, business processes and program capabilities, as well as related system operation and maintenance, service information interface and reliability requirements.
8. Family Security
Family security refers to a comprehensive service system that uses new network and sensing technology to provide environmental awareness, intrusion alarm, emergency help, fire prevention and accident prevention functions for residential buildings through various sensors, cameras, doors and windows magnets, card readers, access control controllers and other security monitoring equipment to enhance the home life. Safety.
3. Intelligent Family Comprehensive Standardization System
(1) Framework of Standard System
According to the typical ecological system of smart family, the common attributes of products, technologies and services are summarized, and four kinds of standard system frameworks, including basic standards, terminal standards, service standards and safety standards, are formed, as shown in Figure 2.
(2) Composition of Standard System
The standard system covers typical applications such as health management, home care and smart home. Specific contents include basic class standards, terminal class standards, security class standards and service class standards.
1. Basic Class Standards
It is divided into two parts: basic conceptual standards and network standards. The basic conceptual standards mainly include the basic concepts, terminology, application scenarios and reference models, graphical symbols and so on. Network standards refer to the basic network standards for smart home applications, including public network, individual network/body network, private network and so on.
The public network mainly includes the technical requirements of the carrier network such as telecommunication network, radio and television network, internet, power line communication network and so on, as well as the standards of platform management, business and support system. The network mainly includes the architecture of personal home network, communication protocol and network equipment. Body network mainly refers to personal area network (personal area network), which is mainly used in health management. Private network refers to the standards of fire alarm, meter reading system and home security, etc. which are used to carry designated services, such as systems, engineering and special terminals.
2. Terminal Class Standards
Terminal standards mainly include terminology, function, interface, data format and usability. Among them, the focus of functional standards is to standardize the basic functions of the terminal to meet its business; the focus of interface standards is to meet the extensibility of the terminal, so that the terminal interface can be seamlessly integrated with different platforms; the ease of use standard combines the needs of people and families, and puts forward the requirements of the ease of use of the terminal.
3. Safety standards
Security standards mainly stipulate the security requirements of smart families in various application scenarios from the aspects of network security, terminal security and service security.
4. Service Class Standards
Service standards mainly focus on service management, service connection, service content and service security content required by typical smart home application scenarios. The specific composition is shown in Figure 3.
Service management and control refers to the access, management and supervision of services in smart families. Service connection refers to service-related interfaces and integration in smart home. Service content refers to the service items and types provided by intelligent families. Service security refers to the safety management, evaluation and evaluation of smart families.
Service management standards mainly include user access, service access, service use and service management. Among them, service access standards are classified into service access types and service access technologies, service use standards are classified into use specification guidelines, service measurement and billing, and service management standards are classified into general requirements, implementation guidelines and system technologies.
Service connection standards mainly include service interface, service development, product development and service integration. Among them, service development standard is divided into service delivery and service operation, and service integration standard is divided into integrated service capability and integrated service business.
Service content standards cover different types of smart home services, including network services, software services, terminal equipment services, cloud platform services, data analysis services, information services, operation and maintenance services and remote prevention and control services. Among them, cloud platform service standards are divided into communication services, computing services, data storage services and infrastructure services.
Service security standards mainly include service security management guidelines, service security framework (business security and operational security), service security evaluation index system and service security capability evaluation.
(3) Key development directions of standards during the 13th Five-Year Plan period
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the research and development of urgently needed standards will be carried out around the application of smart family services in the light of industrial development.
In the basic aspect, we focus on the development of reference models and classification methods to lay the foundation for the application and promotion of smart families.
In terms of interconnection, we focus on developing standards for interconnection between devices, interconnection between devices and cloud platforms, and cloud-to-cloud docking, so as to open up the information flow of smart families.
In terms of security, we focus on developing standards related to user’s personal information security, data security and system security, so as to enhance the basic security capability of the industry.
In terms of services, focusing on key areas such as health management and home care, we focus on developing standards such as service access, service interface, service integration, software services, cloud platform services and service security evaluation index system to standardize service quality and enhance service support capabilities.
IV. Organization and Implementation
(1) Strengthening top-level industrial design
We will improve the overall system architecture and technical ideas of smart home terminals, broadband networks and cloud systems, determine the technical composition, functions and information service platform requirements of smart home-related products and applications, and enhance data security capabilities. We will strengthen research on the path of smart home technology development, industrial development, green development and industrial chain composition. Focus on potential future products and system routes, strengthen cooperation between upstream and downstream industry chains, and promote the overall promotion of technological innovation, product design and R&D, standard formulation, test verification, intellectual property disposal and application promotion.
(2) Accelerating the development and implementation of urgently needed standards
Focusing on the development needs of smart home industry, support the establishment of industrial service platform and experimental verification platform, and carry out standard application verification. Accelerate the development of basic standards, major products and service standards, and form a standard system suitable for the development of smart family industry.
We will improve the public service platform for smart home industry, take health management, home care and smart home as the starting point, promote the standardization of smart home services, and constantly expand the scope and scale of application. We should give full play to the role of industry associations, industry alliances and standardization agencies to promote the implementation of smart family standards. Strengthen exchanges and cooperation with international standardization organizations, and promote China’s smart family standards to become international standards.
(3) Promoting the Establishment of Cooperative Work Mechanisms
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the National Standardization Management Committee of the United Nations have organized relevant research institutions, standardization technology organizations and enterprises to set up a working group on the construction of an integrated standardization system for smart families, and set up special research groups on foundations, services, safety and terminals to work together to promote the formulation of national and industrial standards for smart families. To promote the integration and development of related industries.
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
National Standardization Management Committee
November 14, 2016
Source: Securities Times and two ministries